Sonntag, 20. November 2011

The Hidden Führer & The Pink Swastika

Homosexuality in the Nazi Party

The Pink Swastika: Homosexuality in the Nazi Party is a book first published in 1995 by Scott Lively and Kevin Abrams.[1]

According to the authors, homosexuality found in the Nazi Party contributed to the extreme militarism of Nazi Germany. The title of the book, as well as the book itself, is a reference to a book by Richard Plant called The Pink Triangle: The Nazi War Against Homosexuals, a book detailing homophobia in the Nazi Party and the homosexual victims of Nazism. Lively and Abrams also take up the subject of Nazism in America and discuss the Boy Scouts. The book states that many leaders in the German Nazi regime, including Adolf Hitler himself, were homosexual and says that eight of the top ten serial killers in the US were homosexuals.[2][3]

Critical reaction

Erik N. Jensen regards the authors' linkage of homosexuality and Nazism as the recurrence of a "pernicious myth", originating in 1930s attacks on Nazism by Socialists and Communists and "long since dispelled" by "serious scholarship".[4] Jensen sees the book as coming about in "the aftermath of an Oregon measure to repeal gay rights".[4] Dorthe Seifert cites it as a response to increasing awareness of Nazi persecution of homosexuals.[5] Christine L. Mueller argues that the historical record does not support Abrams' assertions.[6] Bob Moser, writing for the Southern Poverty Law Center, says the book was promoted by anti-gay groups and that historians agree its premise is "utterly false".[7]

See also


  1. ^ Lively, Scott; Abrams, Kevin (1995). The Pink Swastika: Homosexuality in the Nazi Party. Founders Publishing. Corporation. ISBN 9780964760905.
  2. ^ "People & Events". Mennonite Brethren Herald. 1999-11-05. Retrieved 2007-06-14. "In their controversial book, The Pink Swastika, Scott Lively and Kevin Abrams assert that many leading members of the Nazi party in Germany were homosexuals. They also state that eight of the top ten serial killers in the US were homosexuals, including Donald Garvey, John Wayne Gacy, Patrick Wayne Kearney, Bruce Davis and Jeffrey Dahmer. The Apr. 22 Globe and Mail reported that the Columbine high school killers 'professed to be bisexuals'. – RTV Bulletin, Western Report"
  3. ^ "Religious Right Groups Involved in Antigay Incidents". People For the American Way. Archived from the original on 2006-12-15. Retrieved 2007-06-14. "the controversial book, The Pink Swastika,"
  4. ^ a b Erik N. Jensen (January/April 2002). "The Pink Triangle and Political Consciousness: Gays, Lesbians, and the Memory of Nazi Persecution". Journal of the History of Sexuality 11 (1/2): 319–349, pp. 322–323 and n. 19. doi:10.1353/sex.2002.0008.
  5. ^ Dorthe Seifert (Fall 2003). "Between Silence and License: The Representation of the National Socialist Persecution of Homosexuality in Anglo-American Fiction and Film". History and Memory 15 (2): 94–129, p. 94. doi:10.2979/HIS.2003.15.2.94.
  6. ^ "The Other Side of the Pink Triangle: Still a Pink Triangle". October 24, 1994. Retrieved 2008-11-08.
  7. ^ Bob Moser (Spring 2005). "Making Myths". Intelligence Report (Southern Poverty Law Center) (117).